1st International Course on
Integrated Biomarkers

Biochemical and Bioimaging Endpoints in Cardiocerebrovascular Diagnosis,
Prevention, Therapy and Drug Development


Biomarkers 2005

To facilitate the dialogue among the multidisciplinary scientists, definition of the acronyms and of more specialized terms have been reported. Every amendment is welcome.

Andrea P. Peracino
Stefano Bellosta
Nicola Ferri
Riccardo Roggeri

A characteristic that is objectively measured (by biochemical, or imaging methodology, including molecular medicine) and evaluated as an indicator of normal biologic processes, pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention. Biomarker is a cellular, or molecular indicator of exposure, health effects, or susceptibility. Biomarker can be detected, or described, by chemical, physical, and physico-chemical methodologies Biomarker can be represented by a measure (biochemical), or a morphology (imaging), or a function Biomarkers can be used to inform about an internal dose, a biologically effective dose, an early biological response, an altered structure or function, a susceptibility


Go back