1st International Course on
Integrated Biomarkers

Biochemical and Bioimaging Endpoints in Cardiocerebrovascular Diagnosis,
Prevention, Therapy and Drug Development


Biomarkers 2005

To facilitate the dialogue among the multidisciplinary scientists, definition of the acronyms and of more specialized terms have been reported. Every amendment is welcome.

Andrea P. Peracino
Stefano Bellosta
Nicola Ferri
Riccardo Roggeri

Beta blockers or beta-adrenergic blocking agents are a class of drugs used to treat a variety of cardiovascular conditions and some other diseases.Beta blockers block the action of epinephrine and norepinephrine on the -adrenergic receptors in the body (primarily in the heart, peripheral blood vessels, bronchi, pancreas, and liver). There are three types of beta receptors: 1-receptors located mainly in the heart, and 2-receptors located all over the body, but mainly in the lungs, muscles and arterioles. 3-receptors are less well characterised, but have a role in fat metabolism.


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