The result of the performance (or nonperformance) of a function(s) or process(es). . Outcomes may be described as: immediate, intermediate or final, direct or indirect, intended or unintended. Outcomes in a logic model typically have an action word associated with them (eg, increased or improved) and represent the consequences of the activities and outputs. When referring to CVD, this is a term given to mean significant events – such as heart attacks, strokes or sudden death – measured within long-term, major clinical studies.