1st International Course on
Integrated Biomarkers

Biochemical and Bioimaging Endpoints in Cardiocerebrovascular Diagnosis,
Prevention, Therapy and Drug Development


Biomarkers 2005

To facilitate the dialogue among the multidisciplinary scientists, definition of the acronyms and of more specialized terms have been reported. Every amendment is welcome.

Andrea P. Peracino
Stefano Bellosta
Nicola Ferri
Riccardo Roggeri

The smooth inner lining of many body structures, including the heart (endocardium) and blood vessels. link: Endothelial Disfunction.

Endothelium in Atherogenesis
Endothelium in Atherogenesis: the early endothelium damage is prompeted by several factors icluding oxidised LDL, with protective effect of HDL; activated neutrophiles and macrophages adher to the damaged endothelium; activated macrophages become foam cells by uptake of oxidized LDL, and synthetize Angiotensin II to promotes oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygene species (ROS) ant stimulate the formation of VICAM, and promotes growth of Vascular Smooth Cells (VSM)


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